Dermatologist - who is he and what does he do? What does the examination look like?

A dermatologist is a doctor who deals with the diagnosis and treatment of skin, hair and nails. He is responsible for the treatment of atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, bacterial and viral skin infections, acne and mycosis. What exactly does the specialist do? With what ailments should be reported to him? How does the examination look like?

Who is a dermatologist?

A dermatologist is a specialist in dermatology. It is the branch of medicine concerned with the study and description of the structure and function of the skin, as well as disorders of the skin, hair and nails, and systemic diseases that manifest especially on the skin.
Dermatology is divided into two main specialties: clinical dermatology and experimental dermatology. While clinical dermatology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases, experimental dermatology focuses on the study of the skin: the description of its structure and functions. Related medical disciplines to dermatology are cosmetology, aesthetic medicine and venereology.
The dermatologist not only evaluates lesions on the skin and its appendages, but also takes biopsies for laboratory tests, performs physiotherapeutic procedures and the elimination of skin lesions, performs tests to detect allergies: epidermal, intradermal and scarification, interprets the results of tests and laboratory and histopathological examinations, as well as consults for specialists in other fields of medicine.

What does a dermatologist do?

A dermatologist deals with skin lesions, nail problems and hair condition. His job is to evaluate their condition, determine the causes of changes, and undertake treatment.
The diseases that a dermatologist most often diagnoses and treats are:
  1. skin lesions,
  2. atopic dermatitis (AD),
  3. eczema,
  4. dandruff,
  5. erythema,
  6. herpes,
  7. impetigo,
  8. warts,
  9. sores,
  10. seborrheic dermatitis,
  11. ringworm,
  12. alopecia,
  13. stretch marks,
  14. excessive sweating,
  15. frostbite,
  16. albinism,
  17. acne (rosacea, hormonal and cosmetic acne),
  18. skin burns (1st, 2nd and 3rd degree),
  19. Human papilloma virus infection manifested by warts,
  20. psoriasis,
  21. pigmented lesions,
  22. photodermatosis (sun allergy)
  23. melanoderma (chloasma),
  24. benign and malignant tumors (for example, malignant melanoma, erythema nodosum),
  25. sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea, scabies, condyloma acuminata, HIV.

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who is dermatologist

Examination at the dermatologist

How do I prepare for my visit to the dermatologist? Bring your medical records with you. It is very important not to wear makeup if you are having a facial examination, and to shave your skin if you are having a hairy area examined.

During your visit, your dermatologist will look at your skin, hair and nails for possible causes of changes in your appearance. However, he or she always keeps in mind that the source of disturbing symptoms is not necessarily abnormalities within them. It is often a symptom of internal diseases and abnormalities, such as for example hypothyroidism, hormonal changes, cancer or infectious or venereal diseases.

The dermatologist uses not only the naked eye, but also a dermatoscope. This is a device with a built-in lamp that magnifies the field of view exactly as a magnifying glass does. This makes it possible to see a selected piece of skin in detail.

If the abnormalities are in the genital area, both sexual partners must visit a dermatologist venereologist. It is important to remember that treatment will only be effective if it involves both people in the relationship.

The dermatologist will order a skin swab if a bacterial infection is suspected, and a microbiological test for mycosis. Sometimes blood tests (for example, hormone tests) and allergy tests are necessary.

The treatment of dermatological disorders depends on the disease. Sometimes oral medications are necessary, sometimes topical medications, often in the form of ointments, gels, creams, lotions, shampoos. The dermatologist may prescribe antibiotics (for syphilis, gonorrhea or acne) or antiviral drugs (for herpes).

Sometimes treatments are necessary, such as laser treatment, excision of the mole or curettage, electrocoagulation, cryosurgery, light therapy or freezing with liquid nitrogen.



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