Who is a dermatologist?
What does a dermatologist do?
- skin lesions,
- atopic dermatitis (AD),
- seborrheic dermatitis,
- stretch marks,
- excessive sweating,
- acne (rosacea, hormonal and cosmetic acne),
- skin burns (1st, 2nd and 3rd degree),
- Human papilloma virus infection manifested by warts,
- pigmented lesions,
- photodermatosis (sun allergy)
- melanoderma (chloasma),
- benign and malignant tumors (for example, malignant melanoma, erythema nodosum),
- sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea, scabies, condyloma acuminata, HIV.
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Examination at the dermatologist
How do I prepare for my visit to the dermatologist? Bring your medical records with you. It is very important not to wear makeup if you are having a facial examination, and to shave your skin if you are having a hairy area examined.
During your visit, your dermatologist will look at your skin, hair and nails for possible causes of changes in your appearance. However, he or she always keeps in mind that the source of disturbing symptoms is not necessarily abnormalities within them. It is often a symptom of internal diseases and abnormalities, such as for example hypothyroidism, hormonal changes, cancer or infectious or venereal diseases.
The dermatologist uses not only the naked eye, but also a dermatoscope. This is a device with a built-in lamp that magnifies the field of view exactly as a magnifying glass does. This makes it possible to see a selected piece of skin in detail.
If the abnormalities are in the genital area, both sexual partners must visit a dermatologist venereologist. It is important to remember that treatment will only be effective if it involves both people in the relationship.
The dermatologist will order a skin swab if a bacterial infection is suspected, and a microbiological test for mycosis. Sometimes blood tests (for example, hormone tests) and allergy tests are necessary.
The treatment of dermatological disorders depends on the disease. Sometimes oral medications are necessary, sometimes topical medications, often in the form of ointments, gels, creams, lotions, shampoos. The dermatologist may prescribe antibiotics (for syphilis, gonorrhea or acne) or antiviral drugs (for herpes).
Sometimes treatments are necessary, such as laser treatment, excision of the mole or curettage, electrocoagulation, cryosurgery, light therapy or freezing with liquid nitrogen.