Muscle tearing. What to do?

muscle tear

Sudden, rapid muscle pain and increasing swelling in most cases usually means one thing - muscle rupture. When should I go to the doctor? How can you help an injured person temporarily?

Muscle tearing. How do you know?

If you feel sudden, rapid, punctual pain and a characteristic "click" while playing sports or lifting a load (also referred to as a sense of "jerk") - we can assume that there was probably a muscle rupture. Another symptom that can occur in muscle injuries is growing local swelling, combined with redness of the skin and often visible, growing haematoma. The site of the injury is sensitive to touch and the pain clearly increases when trying to move the muscle. Sometimes we can also observe a change in muscle structure, visible as a local thickening or depression.

Most serious muscle injuries will require a medical consultation to diagnose the type of injury (muscle tear or rupture, limb fracture) and prescribe painkillers, among other things. Before we go to the doctor (or call an ambulance) we can take care of the proper treatment of the injury ourselves or with the help of another person.

In case of suspicion of muscle rupture, the so-called PRICE method (protect, rest, ice, compress, elevate) is used, including the following activities (1, 2):

  • protecting the limb (or other place of the injury) from the aggravation of the injury - if possible, we try to immobilize the limb e.g. with a bandage and a rail,
  • resting - that is, taking care that the muscle is not overloaded,
  • ice (alternatively: gel compress) - that is, a regular compress of the injury site, apply it every 2 hours or so, applying the compress for 10-15 minutes; never apply the compress directly on the skin, but use a towel,
  • Pressure - putting a flexible bandage in place of the injury can prevent the swelling from getting worse,
  • limb elevation - if possible, the patient should rest with the limb elevated above heart level, which may reduce swelling.

If the injury is serious, the injured person may require prompt medical attention, especially in case (2):

  • with visible open wounds and bleeding,
  • with intense, growing pain at the site of the injury,
  • to observe a change in the colour of the injury site, e.g. significant local reddening or pale skin,
  • about growing swelling,
  • about a fever coming up.

Can you protect yourself from injury?

There is no single, ideal method to protect us from injury. However, it is worth remembering the golden rule that accompanies practicing every type of sport - warm-up is an obligatory part of every training session. A short warming up exercise - e.g. a slow, gradual stretching of all parts of the muscles - will allow the body to start properly and prepare us for the effort. In order to avoid injury, let us try to reasonably estimate the endurance of our own body and, if possible, avoid "overtraining".

You can read more about health topics at adamed.expert


(1) Ingham SJM, Stilhano RS, Abdalla RJ. et al. Treatment of Muscle Injury [in:] "Muscle Injuries in Sport Athletes: Clinical Essentials and Imaging Findings", Roger B, Springer International Publishing 2017; s: 97-104

(2) Muscle Strain Treatment. https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/muscle-strain-treatment#1-1 Accessed: 18.10.2018

Sponsored article



Contrary to appearances, the cheapest marijuana seeds need not be worse than the more expensive ones. Their growers notice that they can yield equally rich and even richer THC or CBD. Cheap seeds are recommended especially for beginners, collectors beginning their adventure with their world. Due to their low price they can test themselves as a breeder or collector, but they also don't lose...

Holidays before us and many of us are planning from A to Z their expeditions and the contents of their luggage, but do we remember such an important thing as taking a first aid kit with us? Very often we decide to spend our holiday actively. Walks in the mountains or long bicycle tours are undoubtedly good for our health, but we may be more or less injured during them. Therefore, next to...

Working in offices and corporations is an everyday life of many Polish women. This means, on the one hand, comfort, the possibility of self-fulfilment or a package of benefits, and on the other hand, stress and lifestyle, which often has a negative impact on health. Sitting at the computer for long periods of time, lack of movement - this is what our condition, joints or eyes suffer from...